Brain on Fire: Puzzling brain disease could now be better diagnosed and treated

April 21, 2020
Summary: A rare autoimmune disorder popularized by the autobiography and movie “Brain on Fire” is triggered by an attack on NMDA receptors. The disease occurs when antibodies attack NMDA receptors in the brain, leading to memory loss, intellectual changes, seizures, and death. July 10, 2019 Source: Oregon Health & Science University https://neurosciencenews.com/brain-on-fire-treatment-14453/

Behavioral disorders in kids with autism linked to reduced brain connectivity

April 20, 2020
Summary: Reduced connectivity between the amygdala and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex has been identified in children on the autism spectrum who exhibit disruptive behaviors, compared to those on the spectrum who do not. Findings suggest this distinct brain network could be independent of core autism symptoms. Source: Yale April 19, 2019 https://neurosciencenews.com/behavior-connectivity-autism-12017/

Large-scale analysis links glucose metabolism proteins to Alzheimer’s disease biology

April 13, 2020
Date:April 13, 2020 Source:NIH/National Institute on Aging Summary:In the largest study to date of proteins related to Alzheimer’s disease, a team of researchers has identified disease-specific proteins and biological processes that could be developed into both new treatment targets and fluid biomarkers. The findings suggest that sets of proteins that regulate glucose metabolism, together with […]

Researchers achieve remote control of hormone release

April 10, 2020
Summary:Using magnetic nanoparticles, scientists stimulate the adrenal gland in rodents to control release of hormones linked to stress. Source:Anne Trafton, MIT News Office April 10, 2020 http://news.mit.edu./2020/remote-control-hormone-release-nanoparticles-0410

Mapping SARS-CoV-2 active proteins and how COVID-19 spreads throughout the body

April 10, 2020
Summary: Researchers have mapped the interaction between SARS-CoV-2 proteins and human cells, showing which proteins are being activated and deactivated by coronavirus. The findings reveal how the virus can spread through the human body. Source: University of Bologna https://neurosciencenews.com/coronavirus-active-proteins-16137/

Neuroscientists find memory cells that help us interpret new situations

April 6, 2020
Summary:Neurons that store abstract representations of past experiences are activated when a new, similar event takes place. Source:Anne Trafton, MIT News Office April 6, 2020 http://news.mit.edu./2020/neuroscience-memory-cells-interpret-new-0406

How dopamine drives brain activity

April 1, 2020
Summary:A specialized MRI sensor reveals the neurotransmitter’s influence on neural activity throughout the brain. Source:Anne Trafton,MIT News Office April 1, 2020 http://news.mit.edu./2020/dopamine-brain-activity-mri-0401

A receptor that lets dementia-associated tau proteins into neurons

April 1, 2020
In many neurodegenerative disorders, the spread of protein aggregates underlies disease progression in the brain. A receptor molecule has now been found that mediates the neuronal uptake of one such harmful protein. 01 APRIL 2020 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00874-z

Engineers 3D print soft, rubbery brain implants

March 30, 2020
Technique may enable speedy, on-demand design of softer, safer neural devices. March 30, 2020 http://news.mit.edu/2020/engineers-3d-print-brain-implants-0330

A neural highway to human motor control

March 13, 2020
Summary:High-speed link in the brain inhibits movement. Source:Neuron (2020) 13 March 2020 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00710-4